Sir Clive Sinclair,inventor of first home computers & pocket calculators dies at 81 |Rip Sinclair
#inventoroffirsthomecomputers andpocketcalculatorsdies #CliveSinclairbiography
#SirCliveMarlesSinclair, an English entrepreneur and inventor, most commonly known for his work in consumer electronics in the late 1970s and early 1980s has passed away at the age of 81.
Sir Clive Sinclair, is well known for introducing home computers to the masses.
His daughter, Belinda stated that he passed away at his home in London on Thursday morning after a long illness.
Like I said earlier, Sinclair was best known for popularising the home computer, bringing it to British high-street stores at relatively affordable prices but shall also be remembered for inventing pocket calculators.
Several latest titans of the games industry got their start on one of Sir Sinclair’s ZX models.
For a certain generation of gamer, the computer of choice was either the ZX Spectrum 48K or its rival, the Commodore 64.
“He was a rather amazing person. Of course, he was so clever and he was always interested in everything. My daughter and her husband are engineers so he’d be chatting engineering with them,” said #BalindaSinclair in her tribute to the legendary.
At a young age, Sir Sinclair left school at 17 and worked for four years as a technical journalist to raise funds to found Sinclair Radionics.
In the early 1970s he invented a series of calculators designed to be small and light enough to fit in the pocket at a time when most existing models were the size of an old-fashioned shop till.
“He wanted to make things small and cheap so people could access them,” his daughter added.
His first home computer, the ZX80, named after the year it appeared, revolutionised the market, although it was a far cry from today’s models. At £79.95 in kit form and £99.95 assembled, it was about one-fifth of the price of other home computers at the time. It sold 50,000, units while its successor, the ZX81, which replaced it, cost £69.95 and sold 250,000.
Various games industry veterans got their start typing programs into its touch-based keyboard and became hooked on games such as as #3DMonsterMaze and #Mazogs.
The ZX80 and ZX81 made him very rich: in 2010 Sinclair told the Guardian: “Within two or three years, we made £14m profit in a year.”
In 1982, he released the #ZXSpectrum48K.
Its rubber keys, strange clashing visuals and tinny sound did not prevent it being pivotal in the development of the British games industry. Much-loved games – now in colour – that inspired a generation included Jet Set Willy, Horace Goes Skiing, Chuckie Egg, Saboteur, Knight Lore and Lords of Midnight.
Sinclair became a household name as his products flew off the shelves and was awarded a #knighthood in 1983.
But he would also become synonymous with one of his less successful inventions – the Sinclair C5 – which would cost him financially. The C5, a battery-powered electric trike, was launched in January 1985, with Sinclair predicting sales of 100,000 in the first year.
But it flopped, and Sinclair Vehicles found itself in receivership by October of the same year. Reviews expressed concerns about the safety of driving a vehicle below the sight line of other motorists, as well as exposure to the elements.
The following year, Sinclair sold his computer business to Amstrad
#TheSinclairTV80, a pocket TV, was another device, like the C5, that did not catch on, although people now regularly view programmes on their mobile phones. And although they do not look like the #SinclairC5, which later acquired cult status, electric vehicles are, of course, all the rage today.Belinda Sinclair said: “It was the ideas, the challenge, that he found exciting. He’d come up with an idea and say, ‘There’s no point in asking if someone wants it, because they can’t imagine it.’”
But he did not make personal use of his own inventions. His daughter said he never had a pocket calculator as far as she knew, instead carrying a slide-rule around with him at all times. And he told interviewers he used neither a computer nor email.
Outside inventing, his interests included poetry, running marathons and poker. He appeared in the first three seasons of the Late Night Poker television series and won the first season final of the Celebrity Poker Club spinoff, defeating Keith Allen.
He is survived by Belinda Sinclair 57, his sons, Crispin and Bartholomew, aged 55 and 52 respectively, five grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
Our sincere condolences and prayers goes to his family and friends in these trying moments.
May his soul rest in eternal peace.
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